Wrapper types for spatial data formats like well known text, KML, Proj4 strings.
Author JuliaGeo
4 Stars
Updated Last
1 Year Ago
Started In
June 2019


Stable Dev CI

GeoFormatTypes defines wrapper types to make it easy to pass and dispatch on geographic formats like Well Known Text or GeoJSON between packages. This way information about what format is contained is kept for later use, - instead of passing a String or Int that could mean anything.

Wrapper types also allow methods such as convert to work with data in multiple formats, instead of defining lists of format-specific handling methods. Currently ArchGDAL.jl is privileged to define convert methods for GeoFormatTypes.jl objects, using GDAL. When it is loaded, objects can be converted from one format to another:

julia> using GeoFormatTypes, ArchGDAL

julia> convert(WellKnownText, EPSG(4326))
WellKnownText{GeoFormatTypes.CRS, String}(GeoFormatTypes.CRS(), "GEOGCS[\"WGS 84\",DATUM[\"WGS_1984\",SPHEROID[\"WGS 84\",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"7030\"]],AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"6326\"]],PRIMEM[\"Greenwich\",0,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"8901\"]],UNIT[\"degree\",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"9122\"]],AXIS[\"Latitude\",NORTH],AXIS[\"Longitude\",EAST],AUTHORITY[\"EPSG\",\"4326\"]]")

ArchGDAL.jl is not a direct dependency of GeoFormatTypes.jl, so small packages that handle geospatial formats in some way can depend on GeoFormatTypes.jl without worry about large dependencies.

One complexity of GeoFormat objects is that some formats can hold either CRS (Coordinate Reference System) or geometric data, or even both at the same time.

This is handled using the CRS, Geom and Mixed traits. When the contents are explicitly known to be e.g. crs data, then CRS can be used, for example with all types of well known text:

crs = WellKnownText2(CRS(), crs_string)

If the contents are not known, the default Mixed() will mostly do the right thing anyway - it can be converted to either CRS or geometry formats using convert, given that it is actually possible to do with the contained data.

We thank Julia Computing for supporting contributions to this package.

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