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9 Months Ago
Started In
September 2020

Accessors

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The goal of Accessors.jl is to make updating immutable data simple. It is the successor of Setfield.jl.

Usage

Say you have some immutable data structure, such as a NamedTuple:

julia> nt = (a=1, b=2)
(a = 1, b = 2)

If you try something like nt.b=3, it will throw an error. But using Accessors, we can change it anyways:

julia> using Accessors

julia> @set nt.b=3
(a = 1, b = 3)

Note that this only returns an updated copy of nt, and does not overwrite or mutate the value bound to nt:

julia> nt
(a = 1, b = 2)

To overwrite the old definition, we can rebind nt to the new version:

julia> nt = @set nt.b=3
(a = 1, b = 3)

julia> nt
(a = 1, b = 3)

As this is a common use case, the convenience macro @reset rebinds the variable (nt) to the updated version:

julia> @reset nt.b=4
(a = 1, b = 4)

julia> nt
(a = 1, b = 4)

For more detail, see this tutorial and/or watch this video:

JuliaCon2020 Changing the immutable

Featured extensions

  • AccessorsExtra.jl [docs] introduces additional optics and related functions, that are considered too experimental for inclusion in Accessors. For Julia 1.8 and older, AccessorsExtra also provides integrations with other packages; for Julia 1.9+, these are mostly included in Accessors itself.